Whether it's an adult or a newly separated baby from its mother, there are certain rules that should be followed from the start. The dog is part of our everyday life. It brings an undeniable plus. But it can also be a real source of problems. This is why adopting a dog is not an act to be taken lightly. A good education avoids many inconveniences.
Basic rules to follow
First of all, when he arrives, you have to let him get to know his new home. He will discover the members of the family and the environment in which he will evolve from now on. Usually one or two days are needed for this adaptation. He will quickly choose the places where he feels best. However, he should not be allowed to do anything just because he is young or, if he is older, that he has to take his bearings. Indeed, the dog very quickly knows the difference between what is allowed and what is not. For example, if we allow him to settle down on the sofa or in bed at first, it will be difficult, if not impossible, to dislodge him when the small ball of hair at the beginning has turned into a large one. 60 kilo dog. You should not think that it is any different with a little Yorkie or a Dachshund. Despite their size, they can do massive damage in a short time.
This is why it is important to show the dog who is the master in the house by forbidding him to climb on the beds and by assigning him his own toys. It is also necessary to choose the place where he will take his meals and forbid him to come begging for food. In addition, he must eat after his masters as happens in a pack where the leader eats first, and have his place to lie down (a carpet or a niche), always located far from doors and windows, so that 'he doesn't feel like he's controlling comings and goings around the house.
These few simple rules make it possible to restore the dog as the pack animal that it is. He must understand that he is the dominated and that you are the dominated. It is in the stability of the hierarchy of the pack that the dog will be able to find its balance.
This rule is valid for all dogs regardless of their size. She prevents a Dachshund from becoming the tyrant of the family, baring its teeth when approaching its sofa or biting the calves of passing visitors. What matters is to always behave consistently. Do not ever allow something that is usually prohibited. You have to be firm without going overboard! This is how the relationship of trust that is established over time between the dog and his master will be preserved.
To establish his authority, the master must begin the education of his puppy from the age of 3 months. We will first choose simple orders using single words.
Two methods are generally recommended:
- either we leave the initiative to the puppy: for example, as soon as he sits down, we issue the order "sit" and we congratulate him. Ditto for "lying" or "standing". The dog will gradually associate the order with the action and the contentment of the master;
- either the handler imposes the position on the dog while ordering it. To "sit", it suffices to put one hand under the puppy's head while the other hand presses on the rump. Naturally, this couple of forces will force the dog to sit down. For "lying", we continue the movement by pulling the two front legs forward. Repeated sessions of a few minutes a day generally give a good result. Likewise, the dog is rewarded as soon as it does so.
The "not move" is more difficult to obtain. It requires more attention.We must therefore wait until the puppy is older to ask him. First, we order "sit" and we put an object (for example, his collar) on the head or nose of the puppy. We order "not to move" and, as soon as the puppy lowers his nose and drops the object, he expresses his dissatisfaction. On the other hand, if he lasts a few seconds, he must of course be congratulated. Gradually, we will demand longer immobility. In the end, we will ask the dog not to move when we go away and to come back to the foot in order.